TO THE STUDY
This site - which is available either on the internet or as a CD (EXT-CD) - summarises a study of training and extension resources related to forest reproductive
material (i.e. seeds, cuttings etc). It was carried out in two stages. The first
stage was commissioned by the Forest Resources Development Service (FORM) of the Food and Agricultural Organisation
(FAO) during 2002/03. The second stage was organised by Forest & Landscape,
Denmark at the end of 2005. The work was made possible by a special funding from the FAO-Netherlands Partnership Programme on
Agro-biodiversity, and DANIDA.
The aim is to facilitate access to extension resources concerning tree seed and related topics,
and make it easier for extension workers to
produce new, appropriate resources, without reinventing the wheel.
FAO's Forest Resources Development Service (FORM) had been receiving many requests for information
regarding forest seed and
germplasm. This prompted the setting up of :
(1) a forest reproductive material website (www.fao.org/forestry/site/11388/en)
(2) a parallel publication
(see also the original version on the EXT-CD)
These provide general information. Additionally, it was decided that some of the
enquiries could be addressed in the long-term by making better use of existing teaching and extension
The study started by identifying, reviewing and assessing the relevance and accessibility of existing
resources worldwide. This was done
by visiting FAO headquarters and contacting national and international agencies via the
internet. Where necessary, steps
were taken to make key resources available in electronic form, and to obtain permission - with due acknowledgement
- for text and
graphics to be copied, modified or translated. The main outputs of the study are this site, and
the electronic material
available online or on the CD. A draft, "beta" edition of the site was
posted on the Danida Forest Seed Centre's (DFSC) website (now part of Forest
& Landscape, Denmark (SL), which is an independent centre of the Royal
Veterinary and Agricultural University (KVL)) at the end of 2003. The idea was to encourage users to feed back comments
about further resources that could be included. On the basis of this feedback,
an updated version of the site was prepared. Comments are still welcome - please contact
if you have any comments or suggestions.
This study has focused on technical topics. It has not specifically examined general methodology
of training and extension, nor people-skills such as facilitation, participatory methodologies, management
and administrative topics. These are important and are often key to
the success or failure of training and extension efforts, but they are common to all branches of forestry
and agriculture, and are best
reviewed at that level. The study has also tried to focus on technical and field level resources. Tree seed is increasingly being collected
by and for farmers, and so extension material should be at a level suitable for
them, concerned with identification of suitable trees for
collections, basic principles of tree selection, harvesting and storage, and collection and distribution
of quality seed by and to farmers.
Also, in large scale national extension programmes, it is important to ensure that collection
and distribution of quality seed is of the
species that the farmers want.
Besides this introduction, the site has the following main sections:
GUIDELINES, which discuss the material, look at the lessons learnt, and
and give ideas on how to produce
RESOURCE DATABASE by id. no. The top left hand branches of the site map are linked
to the individual resources
pages in numerical order.
CD RESOURCES. This site is also
available as a CD (identified as EXT-CD), which contains many key documents to facilitate use
offline. Details of these resources are found in Annex 1.
- OVERVIEW, which provides an A-Z table
and a sortable Excel spreadsheet summarising all the resources, with short
cuts to recommended resources. The next page explains
how the resources have been
grouped into categories.